Aztec architecture was characterized by the use of adobe (sun-baked mud brick) and stone to build monumental structures such as pyramids, temples, and palaces. These structures were decorated with intricate carvings and sculptures, and often featured stepped terraces and double staircases.
The most famous example of Aztec architecture is the Templo Mayor, a massive stepped pyramid located in the center of the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan (present-day Mexico City). The temple was dedicated to the Aztec god of war and rain, Huitzilopochtli, and the goddess of fertility and agriculture, Tlaloc. The Templo Mayor was the religious and political center of the Aztec empire and was considered the most sacred building in the city.
Other notable examples of Aztec architecture include the Palace of Moctezuma, the residence of the Aztec emperor, and the Great Temple of Tlaloc, a large temple dedicated to the god of rain. Both of these structures were located in Tenochtitlan and were known for their impressive size and decoration.
Aztec architecture also incorporated the use of chinampas, or "floating gardens," which were artificial islands created by the Aztecs in the shallow lakes surrounding Tenochtitlan. These gardens were used to grow crops such as corn, beans, and squash, and were considered a significant achievement of Aztec engineering.
Overall, Aztec architecture was known for its grandeur, ornate decoration, and religious significance. Many of the Aztec buildings were destroyed during the Spanish conquest of Mexico, but some of the stone ruins still remain and are a testament to the skill and ingenuity of the Aztec builders.